Services and Container Images

Containers are built from recipes contained incuriefense/images/. Descriptions of the various images are below.

Image Tagging

Single Tag

Meaning

main

For the latest built image, from the main branch of the github repository

Images can also have two-part tags to identify what is in the image. The parts are:

  • the output of git describe --tag --long --dirty which contains the latest git tag, number of commits since last tag, and abbreviated current commit hash

  • the shortened hash of the git tree HEAD:curiefense/ where Docker images are stored. It helps to see quickly whether image sources from two different commits are identical.

Common Images

confserver

  • A REST API server to read, write, and maintain versioning of Curiefense's configuration.

  • Flask is the web interface. Git is the storage engine for historical and versioned configuration. Nginx serves as the frontend for the Flask web application.

  • Secrets:

    • If an S3 bucket of Google Storage bucket is used as a synchronization mechanism between confserver and curieproxy instances (S3 is the default with Helm deployments), then this container requires credentials to access it.

    • In Docker Compose environments, S3 credentials are defined in deploy/compose/curiesecrets/s3cfg before deployment, then mounted in /var/run/secrets/s3cfg. By default, Docker Compose environments use a "local bucket" (shared volume) so that an S3 bucket is not necessary to test curiefense locally.

    • In Helm environments, S3 credentials are defined in a local file and deployed to the cluster. They are expected to be in a Secret object called s3cfg, in the same namespace as confserver, which is mounted to make credentials available in /var/run/secrets/s3cfg/s3cfg. Google Storage bucket credentials are mounted to /var/run/secrets/gs/.

  • Network details:

    • Port 80 is the configuration API. A Swagger interface is available at endpoint /api/v1/ (reachable at http://localhost:30000/api/v1 in the sample Docker Compose and Helm deployments).

curielogger

  • Receives access logs from Envoy (curieproxyimages) over gRPC or from nginx over syslog, and does the following:

    • Pushes logs to elasticsearch through either fluentd or filebeat,

    • Aggregates metrics,

    • Serves metrics over HTTP port 2112 for the Prometheus scraper.

  • Network details:

    • Port 9001 receives logs from Envoy over GRPC

    • Port 9514 receives logs from nginx over syslog

    • Port 2112 exposes Prometheus metrics over HTTP

curiesync

  • Periodically (every 10 seconds) polls the bucket located at CURIE_BUCKET_LINK, and extracts the active configuration to /config, which is shared with curiefense.

  • In Helm deployments, curiesync runs first as an initContainer to fetch the correct configuration before istio is started. It then runs in a regular container, to sync periodically.

  • Secrets: the same as described in confserver, above.

  • Network details:

    • No exposed network service

grafana

  • Grafana provides visualization for the metrics stored in Prometheus, and sends alerts based on anomaly thresholds.

  • Its datasource is prometheus. Its basic dashboards are in the dashboards directory.

  • Customization options are described at https://hub.docker.com/r/grafana/grafana/.

  • Secrets

    • Default user: admin

    • Default password: admin

    • These can be changed upon the first connection.

  • Network details:

    • Port 3000 allows access to the Grafana UI over http (reachable at http://localhost:30300 in the sample Docker Compose and Helm deployments).

prometheus

  • Prometheus scrapes metrics from Envoy, curielogger, and Prometheus itself. These are defined in curiefense/images/prometheus/prometheus.yml.

  • curielogger metrics are exposed as follows:

    • curiemetric_http_request_total: total number of requests.

    • curiemetric_request_bytes: total inbound (request) bytes.

    • curiemetric_response_bytes: total outbound (response) bytes.

    • curiemetric_session_details_total: Static labels are a fixed set of labels created for each request, such as "method", "path", "geo", etc.

    • curiemetric_session_tags_total: this metric stores the "dynamic" labels: tags and labels created dynamically on a request basis, and per context. For example, while the "blocked" label is set to 0 or 1 for each request, an actual blocked request may carry additional tags such as the block reasons and origin.

  • Network details:

    • Port 9090 allows access to the Prometheus user interface over HTTP

redis

  • Redis is accessed by curieproxy, and is used to synchronize Curiefense's advanced rate limiting and session control mechanisms.

  • Network details:

    • Port 6379 receives Redis client queries

UIServer

  • Serves the user interface. A Vue js app developed as single page app with NodeJS and serves the management console UI.

  • The UI displays access logs to the user, and displays Curiefense's configuration for editing. API calls for configuration and access logs are routed to confserver by the Nginx inside the container. Nginx also serves the static parts of the UI such as HTML, CSS and JS.

  • Secrets: This image will enable TLS on the nginx server if a TLS certificate and key are provided:

    • For Kubernetes (e.g. Helm) deployments, the certificate is expected at /run/secrets/uisslcrt/uisslcrt and the key at /run/secrets/uisslkey/uisslkey

    • For Docker Compose deployments, the certificate is expected at /run/secrets/uisslcrt and the key at /run/secrets/uisslkey

  • Network details:

    • Port 80 allows unencrypted access to the user interface (reachable at http://localhost:30080 in the sample Docker Compose and Helm deployments)

    • Port 443 allows TLS-encrypted access to the user interface, if TLS certificates have been supplied during the deployment (reachable at http://localhost:30443 in the sample Docker Compose and Helm deployments)

Additional Images for Docker-Compose Deployments

curieproxy-envoy

  • Acts as a reverse proxy to TARGET_ADDRESS:TARGET_PORT.

  • Filters traffic according to the active configuration.

  • Sends access logs over GRPC tocurielogserver.

  • Uses a custom-built Envoy binary, compiled with symbols needed by Lua. The custom Envoy compilation is built automatically using GitHub actions, from the curiefense fork of envoy, which pushes it to an image on docker hub. This image is referenced in the beginning of the Dockerfile that is used to build the curieproxy-envoy docker image.

  • Network details:

    • Port 80 receives unencrypted traffic from users, which will be proxied to TARGET_ADDRESS:TARGET_PORT (reachable at http://localhost:30081 in the sample deployments)

    • Port 443 receives TLS-encrypted traffic from users, which will be proxied to TARGET_ADDRESS:TARGET_PORT (reachable at http://localhost:30444 in the sample docker-compose deployment)

    • Port 8001 is the Envoy administration interface

echo

  • Simple http server that echoes received HTTP requests.

  • Uses the public jmalloc/echo-server image.

  • Network details:

    • Listens on port 5678

Additional Images for Istio-Helm Deployments

curieproxy-istio

  • Acts as a reverse proxy to TARGET_ADDRESS:TARGET_PORT.

  • Filters traffic according to the active configuration.

  • Sends access logs over GRPC tocurielogserver.

    • Uses a custom-built Envoy binary, compiled with symbols needed by Lua. The custom Envoy compilation is built automatically using GitHub actions from the curiefense fork of istio, which pushes it to an image on docker hub. This image is referenced in the beginning of the Dockerfile that is used to build the curieproxy-envoy docker image.

  • In Helm deployments, two EnvoyFilters are defined:

  • Network details:

    • Port 80 receives unencrypted traffic from users, which will be proxied to TARGET_ADDRESS:TARGET_PORT (reachable at http://localhost:30081 in the sample deployments)

    • Port 8001 is the Envoy administration interface

Building/Rebuilding Images

If for some reason you need to rebuild the images, run the following command:

$ curiefense/images/build-docker-images.sh

To build images with a custom tag, the DOCKER_TAG environment variable may be set:

$ DOCKER_TAG=mytag curiefense/images/build-docker-images.sh